31 Old Testament Prophecies
of Jesus' First Coming
“Old Testament Prophecies of First Coming of Jesus”
1. OT Jesus heritage tribe of Judah - Genesis 49:10 “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” (Strong’s Concordance 07886. hlyv Shiyloh, shee-lo' from 7951; tranquil; Shiloh, an epithet of the Messiah:--Shiloh.) epithet is a descriptive word used in place of a name. Hence Shiloh is the Messiah. Isaiah 11:10, “And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 1:1, 5, 6, 16 “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;” “And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her [that had been the wife of Urias;” “And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.” By the way, for those who say that Joseph was not the biological father, you would be right, but Mary was also of the tribe of Judah.
2. OT - Jesus was to be born in Bethlehem - Micah 5:2 “But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.”
NT fulfillment - Luke 2:1-7, 11 “And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.” “For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.”
3. OT - Jesus was to be born of a virgin - Isaiah 7:14; “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.”
NT fulfillment - Luke 1:30, 34, 35; “And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.” “Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” Also Matthew 1:22, 23; “Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.”
4. OT - Prophesied slaughter of babies soon after Jesus born. Jeremiah 31:15; “Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 2:16-18 “Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.”; Also Matthew 2:12, 13; “And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way. And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.”
5. OT - Prophesied a hasty journey to Egypt - Hosea 11:1; “When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 2:14, 15; “When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.”
6. OT - John the Baptist was prophesied to prepare the way for the first coming of the Messiah - Isaiah 40:3-5; “The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain: And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 3:1-3; “In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”
7. OT - Prophecy of the year of the commencement of Christ’s ministry in AD 27 - Daniel 9:25 “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” We know from previous studies in Daniel that the decree to rebuild Jerusalem occurred in the fall of AD 457, and that the seven weeks and threescore and two weeks was 483 prophetic days equaling 483 literal years, which took us to the fall of AD 27, the exact time of Christ’s baptism and His anointing. Marvelous fulfillment.
8. OT - Prophecy of the Cleansing of the temple foretold Isaiah 56:7 – “Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.” Jeremiah 7:11 “Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 21:12, 13 “And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.”
At his point I want to pause a few minutes present an amazing fact. Did you know that in the Old Testament, there are over 300 prophecies relating to the first coming of Jesus and about 125 key prophecies of which in this document, we are only covering 31? Some time ago a Dr. Peter Stoner of Pasadena College in California, along with some students, figured the odds of one person fulfilling 8 of those prophecies in a lifetime, and their computation was 1 in 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000. That’s 33 zeroes. But Jesus fulfilled all the prophecies concerning Himself and His first coming.
9. OT - Prophecy of Christ’s triumphant entry found in Zechariah 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.”
NT fulfillment - Mark 11:7-11 “And they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him; and he sat upon him. And many spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the trees, and strowed them in the way. And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest. And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.”
10. OT - Prophecy of the Messiah to be cut off Dan. 9:26 after 483 years. “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:” Jesus was to be executed some time after the spring of AD 27 when He was baptized.
11. OT - Prophecy of the time of the death of Jesus established 3-1/2 years after baptism - Daniel 9:27 “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,” Exactly 3-1/2 years after His baptism, the spring of 31 AD, Jesus died on the cross as the Passover Lamb of God
and ended the ceremonial system of sacrificing animals.
12. OT - Prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Sanctuary - Daniel 9:26 – “… and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 23:37, 38; “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.” Also Matthew 24:1, 2 “And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to show him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” In 70 AD the Roman army destroyed the city and the Sanctuary.
13. OT - Prophecy of Judas betrayal - Psalm 41:9 “Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.”
NT fulfillment - John 13:18, 21, 25-27 “I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.” “When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.” Also Matthew 26:47-50 “And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.”
14. OT - Prophecy of the Disciples to forsake Jesus - Zechariah 13:7 “Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 26:56 “But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.”
15. OT - Prophecy of false witnesses at Jesus trial - Psalm 35:11 “False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.”
NT fulfillment - Mark 14:57, 58; “And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.”
16. OT - Prophecy of Jesus scorned and mocked - Psalm 22:7, 8 “All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.”
NT fulfillment - Luke 23:35; “And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.”
17. OT - Prophecy of Christ to be beaten and tortured - Isaiah 53:4, 5 “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.”
NT fulfillment - John 19:1, 2; “Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,”
18. OT - Prophecy of Messiah silent when accused - Isaiah 53:7 “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.”
NT fulfillment - Mark 14:4, 5; “And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made? For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.”
19. OT - Prophecy of nailing Jesus’ hands and feet - Psalm 22:16 “For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.” And so Jesus was nailed to that cross.
20. OT - Prophecy of Jesus death foretold - Isaiah 53:8 “He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.”
21. OT - Prophecy of soldiers gambling for Jesus’ coat - Psalm 22:18 “They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 27:35 “And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.”
22. OT - Prophecy of Christ to be given vinegar - Psalm 69:21 “They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 27:34 “They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.”
23. OT - Prophecy - Jesus lived what he preached - Psalm 109:4 “For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 5:44; “But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;” Also Luke 23:34 “Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.”
24. OT - Prophecy - Jesus crucified with two others Isaiah 53:12 “Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and; and he bare the sin of many, he was numbered with the transgressors and made intercession for the transgressors.”
NT fulfillment - Luke 23:33; “And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.”
25. OT - Prophecy - Crucifixion prophesied Psalm 22:16, Zech 12:10 “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced,”
NT fulfillment - John 20:27; “Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.”
26. OT - Prophecy - Jesus died of broken heart - Psalm 22:14 “I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.”
NT fulfillment - John 19:34 “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.”
27. OT - Prophecy - Not one bone broken - Psalm 34:20; “He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.”
NT fulfillment - John 19:32-36; “Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.”
28. OT - Prophecy – Laid in the tomb of the rich - Isaiah 53:9; “And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.”
NT fulfillment - Matthew 27:57-60; “When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.”
29. OT - Prophecy of the Resurrection - Psalm 16:10; 49:15; “For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.” “But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.”
NT fulfillment - Acts 2:26-31; “Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance. Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.”
30. OT - Prophecy of the Ascension - Psalm 69:18; “Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies.”
NT fulfillment - Mark 16:19; “So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.”
31. OT - Prophecy of Christ our High Priest - Psalm 110:4 “The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.”
NT fulfillment - Hebrews 5:5, 6; “So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.”
There are two reasons why Jesus could not be a priest when He was here; #1. He was not a Levite, as He was of the tribe of Judah; #2. He was the sacrifice in the atonement process. But in heaven He has been our High Priest since AD 31 in the Holy Place and then since October 22, 1844, in the Most Holy Place.